The 3 stages of a construction project

The 3 stages of a construction project

When you are planning a construction project you can break it down into 3 stages

  • The preconstruction stage
  • The construction stage
  • The post construction stage

A project manager will focus on 6 key areas

  • Scope
  • Schedule
  • Finance
  • Risk
  • Quality
  • Resources


The preconstruction stage

This is where you will make or break the project.

It is where all the planning is done

This is where you will be working out how to deploy your budget

Drawings and specification documents will be prepared

Invitations to tender will be sent out and tenders received and analysed

This is when you will think about site set up, access and logistics

You will create a project programme and think how all the above fit into them

You must identify potential problems and how to mitigate them

If you are going to make any changes to the design of the project, this is the best time. Once the job gets going making changes will be a lot more expensive

Measures to make you compliant with CDM 2015 will be taken into account

Team members will be selected and tasks allocated

These and many other things must be looked at it detail

This is of crucial importance because once the work starts you will have enough to deal with

A critical issue you will deal with is which contract you select to use with your builder

As a result it’s important you understand why you should use a contract on your project

The Construction stage

Once the work has started you will be glad you spent time in the preconstruction phase

Time is money and you can’t afford to have men standing around doing nothing. Consequently it’s vital you ensure the programme is follwed to avoid this


You can’t afford to have work stop due to lack of materials

The logistics must flow smoothly

Quality inspections will be carried out as work progresses

Work areas must be ready for following trades

However, if work is seriously delayed you will need to write an accelerated programme. As a result you may need to reorder the sequence of activities or reschedule deliveries


Unforeseen problems may occur and you will have to find a way to overcome them

You might need to sack individual tradesmen or whole companies, for instance

You may have to bring in extra labour or find additional finance

Whatever happens you have to get that job over the line, on time and on budget

The post construction stage

The work may be over but the project is not finished

There will be numerous issues to tidy up

You will need to collect all paperwork such as red line drawings, emergency lighting, electrical installation, fire alarm certificates and anything else required by building regs

Final snagging issues must be dealt with to ensure you are happy with all works and there are no defects

After that, the final account will have to be settled with the builder

Once that is done, all plant and site huts will have to be off hired

Project analysis to see how you performed and calculation of final build costs

In addition, depending on which contract you used you may have to deal with the retention clause

Depending on the scope of your project this may take you into the commissioning phase


If you need help with any project planning issues mentioned above please contact us. We have extensive experience in these and will be glad to help

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